It is normal that throughout evolutionary development they can be found challenging behaviors in children. It often begins at preschool age and continues into adolescence if untreated. It does not have to be a problem if the parents take it easy and set limits to respect.
The type of challenging behaviors that appear throughout the evolution of children can take different forms, from extreme passivity in which the child remains systematically inactive when obeying, to other types of responses such as being able to be negative verbalizations, fits of anger, arguments with adults, name calling, irritability, or aggressive resistance.
If these types of behaviors appear sporadically, they are not inconvenient, but when they become the usual way of relating to each other is when problems begin in the child and their environment. There is a significant deterioration in the child's social, academic and family life.
Oppositional defiant syndrome is multicausal. There are several factors involved in the causes of this syndrome that favor its development.
- Biological factors related to neurology
There may be a deficit in neurotransmitters that modulate emotions and behaviors.
- Learning factors
The child learns that with his challenging behavior he can receive the attention of his authority figures whenever he wants.
- Development factors
If the attachment is not established in the early stages of development it can be an element that destabilizes the child's temperament and his way of relating. It also affects the development of their autonomy.
- Immaturity and lack of experience
When it is not applied regarding the education of children, using authoritarian and violent or very permissive models are also components involved in this disorder.
- Divorce of parents
Another element that should not be overlooked is the separation or divorce between the parents.
Due to the society in which we live where the necessary factors for the development of this syndrome are more likely to occur challenging behavior is increasingly seen in young children. The crisis and the change in the structure in families contribute to this syndrome being more present today.
According to several studies, this disorder affects between 3 and 8 percent of the child population. If not given proper treatment, the syndrome can progress to antisocial behaviors and more serious disorders. Therefore, it is important that:
- Parents establish rules and limits appropriate consequences linked to reasonable consequences.
- Parents give skills and teach adequate social skills to be able to handle problems and conflicts.
- Use of assertive communication. Leaving aside aggressiveness and communicative passivity
- Maintain control. Keep calm.
- Reinforce the child's positive behaviors.
When the intervention of professionals is necessary, we can find effective treatments such as:
- Psychotherapy aimed at modifying behavior for parents.
- Psychotherapy aimed at the development of self-control and anger management in the minor.
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