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Respect, tolerance, peace ... Mahatma Gandhi worked all his life to improve the lives of his fellow Indians by promulgating these values. If you want your children to know more about their career, share with them the biography in Gandhi's tale. It is a short story that adapts for children some of the most important milestones in their lives.
In addition, we have accompanied the story with some reading comprehension exercises and other biographies of other great characters in history that children should know.
That October 2, 1860, the cry of a child was heard in a merchant's home in Porbandar, India; no one imagined then that this child would become one of the most admired characters in the world for being the greatest defender of peace.
- Do you see that ant? He has the same right to life as you - his mother told him, instilling in him the love for animals.
- Do not use violence, fight for peace - he said when the boy spoke to him about fights while they were walking along the seashore. You have to be tolerant!
One morning, a few days after his thirteenth birthday, his parents showed up at his house with a girl the same age.
- Mahatma, she is Kasturba. You will marry her.
It was an agreed marriage, as was customary in India, and they had four children.
He was not a very good student and had a hard time passing his university exams, but he finally managed to get into Bombay.
When he was nineteen, his parents sent him to study law in London. Theresuffered the first humiliations by his own colleagues because of the color of her skin. He and all people of different races were subjected to numerous humiliations.
- This situation has to change! - He told his mother, without hatred in his heart, as she had taught him.
He reflected a lot and decided to return to Bombay to fight against so many racial injustices; but it was not very successful. Shortly after, the opportunity arose to go to work in South Africa, and he stayed in the country for twenty-one years to continue fighting with all his might against the abuses to which all Hindus who, like him, lived there were subjected.
He invented the Satyagraha, a system that defended through non-violence and peaceful civil disobedience, political and social goals.
At that time India was a British colony and decided to return to his country of origin to achieve independence.
- Don't you eat Mathama? - His relatives, concerned about his health, told him.
"Fasting is good for meditation," he insisted.
And a way of protesting against so many injustices, for which he went on seventeen hunger strikes, achieving the annulment of some of the laws that limited the freedom of Indian citizens.
He fought so hard for his people that he earned everyone's respect becoming the independence leader of his country and, shortly after, he was appointed president of the Indian National Congress.
He was detained by the British authorities for two years. He retired from politics, very disappointed, when the British went to reform the constitution and did not have any Indians, even after having managed to get all the political parties to oppose this decision.
- In any way! India will not participate in this war. I demand the independence of my country! - Mathama said very hurt, when he learned that the English, against all his ideas of non-violence, wanted to force him to participate in the Second World War; and again he was arrested and this time he was not released until he was very old.
In the end, devastated, he saw how his country had been divided in two: India and Pakistan.
A radical Hindu shot him dead when he was 78; He did not understand their respect and tolerance for all religions, nor their way of understanding life.
Their ashes were thrown into the Ganges River.
Based on what you have read, you can suggest some exercises to your child to check if he has paid attention to reading. Here are some suggested activities you can encourage him to do. To make them more attractive to your little one, it is better not to pose them as a test or an exam, but rather as a challenge or challenge that must be completed.
1. Exercise with reading comprehension questions
We start by asking you some questions about the text. In case your child does not know some of the answers, you can go back over the text as many times as necessary.
- What values did Gandhi defend?
- Was Gandhi forced to marry?
- Did you have a good time at the University of London or did you have problems with your classmates?
- What kind of problems?
- What injustices does the story talk about?
2. Complete the sentence
Here are some sentences that are missing some words, which your child must complete according to what you have read in the text.
- Gandhi's name was ___.
- We should not use violence, it is better to fight for ___.
- Gandhi fought for India to get the ___ from Great Britain.
- Gandhi became president of the Congress of the ___.
3. Search, search!
In addition to reading comprehension exercises, this story biography can be used to review other lessons learned in class. Next we propose to your child a detective activity. Can you find the following words in the text?
- An adjective.
- A verb conjugated in the present tense of the indicative mood.
- A singular noun.
- Three prepositions.
4. We do research on India
The story about the life of Gandhi tells children about a fascinating country: India. We can take this opportunity to investigate more about the culture, religion, customs and geography of this great country. To do this, the first thing to do is place it on the map, for which you can make your own homemade world map. But you can also listen to typical music, you can see a fragment of a Bollywood movie or you can try to make a recipe like curry rice.
Biographies of other historical figures
You can read more articles similar to Big soul. Biography in a Gandhi tale to read with children, in the category of Children's stories on site.