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There are two types of herpes: cold sores or herpes simplex type 1, which mainly affects the area of the face and lips, and genital herpes or herpes simplex type 2.
Herpes virus infection can be transmitted to the baby through the blood or during labor, when it passes through the mother's vagina. We explain what it is and the dangers it carries for the baby.
Vaginal herpes is Herpes simplex type 2. It is linked to sexually transmitted diseasesIt affects the genitals and is very painful. If a woman has an outbreak during childbirth or even after the 32nd week, she can infect her baby.
In addition, it has been seen that spontaneous abortion is very high in the case of infected women, if the infection is acquired within the first 20 weeks.
The symptoms of this type of herpes are:
- This herpes, which usually appears during puberty or at the beginning of sexual activity, is characterized by irritation and redness of the genitals, which last about two days, when the infection occurs.
- Small painful ulcers about 3-5 mm in diameter, and a white base on the skin, which usually disappear after about four weeks.
- The thickening of the lymph nodes in the groin that, sometimes, is accompanied by a few tenths of fever.
- Lesions caused by herpes disappear in a few weeks. However, after suffering a first infection, the virus remains in the body, settling in the roots of the nerves, around the sacrum. Therefore, it is normal for it to appear again from time to time.
- When new episodes occur, the symptoms are less visible and bothersome.
- Through the birth canal (most common): Vesicles found in the vagina or on the cervix infect the child when it passes through the birth canal. This risk is much higher when the pregnant woman has contracted the virus for the first time around her due date.
- If the woman has already had a herpes infection before pregnancy, or suffers a re-outbreak near the time of delivery, the chances of infecting the baby are reduced to three percent.
- Through the placenta: It is usually quite rare, since it develops a protective role against many organisms harmful to the fetus. Infections of the fetus in the case of ruptured amniotic sac are also rare.
If the woman has presented genital herpes before pregnancy, she should undergo gynecological examinations to rule out lesions near the probable date of delivery, as well as serological (blood) controls to detect if she is infected.
At the time of delivery, if there is an active infection, the gynecologist will determine the route of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section), depending on the viral load, the mother's immune system ...
Can be administered retrovirals, to combat virulence, decrease the risk of transmission, and accelerate the healing of lesions.
You can read more articles similar to Vaginal herpes in pregnancy, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.