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Stuttering is a speech disorder and difficulty, which usually occurs between the ages of 2 and 5, during the language learning process. It is characterized by a interruption or lack of fluency in language. The stuttering child suffers from involuntary obstacles when speaking, prolongs and repeats sounds, syllables or words, and suffers blocks while chatting with someone.
Stuttering it is not a diseaseIt is one of the most frequent problems in speech therapy, and it affects boys more than girls, in a proportion of 3/1. It corresponds to 1% of the school population.
Stuttering is characterized by:
1- Prolongation or repetition of words, syllables, sounds, etc.
2- Changes in the speed of speech
3- Alteration in the tone of the conversation
4- Alteration of breathing
5- Excessive muscular tension in the organs used for speech
6- Acceleration in heart rate
7- Tremors and nervousness
8- Shame, anxiety, and frustration regarding speech
According to statistics, 5% of children in the world can suffer with stuttering. We say suffer because many of them live with this important difficulty to communicate. The exact science that determines the cause of stuttering is not yet known.
Some studies affirm that it is the result of the interrelation between biological, psychological and social factors. Others focus more on the psychological factor. They believe that anxiety has a decisive influence on children's speech. Inappropriate educational guidelines can also cause stuttering. The pressure on the child in terms of his speech can cause anxiety and consequently, give way to stuttering.
Other studies focus more on the biological factor. They state that the structure of tissues in a region of the left hemisphere of the brain is significantly different in stutterers. Not that your brain is defective, but that this alteration may be one of the causes of stuttering.
The geneticsAccording to some experts, you also have a certain predisposition to stuttering. But not in all cases. However, it is common to find stuttering children whose parents, or another relative, has had the same disorder.
You can read more articles similar to Infantile stuttering in children, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.